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Histories of Artificial Intelligence: A Genealogy of Power


Adam, Alison (1998). Artificial Knowing: Gender and the Thinking Machine. London/New York: Routledge.

Adam, Alison (1995) Embodying Knowledge: A Feminist Critique of Artificial Intelligence. The European Journal of Women's Studies 2: 355–377.

Agar, Jon (2003). The Government Machine: A Revolutionary History of the Computer. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.

Ates, A. (2012) "The 'other' in the machine: oriental automata and the mechanization of the mind." Unpublished PhD thesis. University of California.

Ching-Hua Chuan, Wan-Hsiu Tsai and Su Yeon Cho (2019). "Framing Artificial Intelligence in American Newspapers." AIES 2019.

Cohen-Cole, Jamie (2008). "Margaret A. Boden. Mind as Machine: A History of Cognitive Science. 2 Volumes. xlviii + 1,631 pp., Figs., Tables, Apps., Bibl., Indexes. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2006. £125 (Cloth)." Isis 99, no. 4: 811–12.

Couldry, Nick, and Ulises A. Mejias (2018). "Data Colonialism: Rethinking Big Data's Relation to the Contemporary Subject." Television & New Media.

Cowan, Ruth Schwartz (2011). More Work for Mother: The Ironies of Household Technology from the Open Hearth to the Microwave. New York: Basic Books.

Daston, Lorraine (1994). "Enlightenment Calculations." Critical Inquiry 21, no. 1: 182–202.

Dick, Stephanie (forthcoming). Making Up Minds: Computing and Proof in the Postwar United States.

Dillon, Sarah (under peer review). "The ELIZA Complex: Weizenbaum, Pygmalion and the Effects of Gendering AI."

Dillon, Sarah (under peer review), "What AI Researchers Read: The Role of Literature in Artificial Intelligence Research." with Jennifer Schaffer-Goddard, Social Studies of Science.

Dinnen, Zara (2017). The Digital Banal: New Media and American Literature and Culture. New York: Columbia University Press.

Dreyfus, Hubert L. (2008). "Why Heideggerian AI Failed and How Fixing It Would Require Making It More Heideggerian." In The Mechanical Mind in History, edited by Phil Husbands, Owen Holland, and Michael Wheeler. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.

Broussard, Meredith (2018). Artificial Unintelligence: How Computers Misunderstand the World. Cambridge, MA: The MIT Press.

Buolamwini, Joy and Timnit Gebru (2018). "Gender Shades: Intersectional Accuracy Disparities in Commercial Gender Classification." Proceedings of Machine Learning Research 81, no. 1: 1–15.

Edwards, Paul N. (1997). The Closed World: Computers and the Politics of Discourse in Cold War America. First MIT Pr. Paperb. ed. Inside Technology. Cambridge, Mass. London: MIT.

Ensmenger, Nathan (2004). "Power to the People: Toward a Social History of Computing." IEEE Annals of the History of Computing 26, no. 1: 94–96.

Ensmenger, Nathan (2010). The Computer Boys Take Over: Computers, Programmers, and the Politics of Technical Expertise. History of Computing. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.

Eubanks, Virginia (2017). Automating Inequality: How High-Tech Tools Profile, Police, and Punish the Poor. New York: St. Martin's Press.

Fast, E. and Horvitz, E. (2017). "Long-Term Trends in the Public Perception of Artificial Intelligence." AAAI (February): 963–969.

Giridharadas, Anand (2018). Winners Take All: The Elite Charade of Changing the World. New York: Alfred A. Knopf.

Greene, Daniel, Anna Lauren Hoffmann, and Luke Stark (2019). "Better, Nicer, Clearer, Fairer: A Critical Assessment of the Movement for Ethical Artificial Intelligence and Machine Learning." In Proceedings of the 52nd Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences, 2122–31. Hawaii.

Gray, Mary L., and Siddharth Suri (2019). Ghost Work: How to Stop Silicon Valley from Building a New Global Underclass. Boston: Houghton Mifflin Harcourt.

Hagendorff, Thilo (2019). The Ethics of AI Ethics – An Evaluation of Guidelines.

Hicks, Marie (2017). Programmed Inequality: How Britain Discarded Women Technologists and Lost Its Edge in Computing. History of Computing. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.

Horan, Caley Dawn (2011). "Actuarial Age: Insurance and the Emergence of Neoliberalism in the Postwar United States." Dissertation, University of Minnesota.

Igo, Sarah E. (2018). "Josh Lauer. Creditworthy: A History of Consumer Surveillance and Financial Identity in America." The American Historical Review 123, no. 2: 605–7.

Irani, Lilly (2016). "The Hidden Faces of Automation." XRDS: Crossroads, The ACM Magazine for Students 23, no. 2: 34–37.

Jones, Matthew L. (2016). Reckoning with Matter: Calculating Machines, Innovation, and Thinking about Thinking from Pascal to Babbage. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

Katz, Yarden (2017). "Manufacturing an Artificial Intelligence Revolution." SSRN Electronic Journal.

Keyes, Os (2018). "The Misgendering Machines: Trans/HCI Implications of Automatic Gender Recognition." Proceedings of the ACM on Human-Computer Interaction 2, no. CSCW (November): 1–22.

Kozul-Wright, Richard (2016). "Policy Brief: Robots and Industrialization in Developing Countries." No. 50. United Nations, October.

Lauer, Josh (2017). Creditworthy: A History of Consumer Surveillance and Financial Identity in America. Columbia Studies in the History of U.S. Capitalism. New York: Columbia University Press.

Levy, Karen Elinor Conway (2014). "The Automation of Compliance: Techno-Legal Regulation in the United States Trucking Industry." Princeton University.

McCarthy, John. "John McCarthy's Home Page." Personal blog. Accessed November 22, 2016.

Mahendran, D.D. (2011) "Race and computation: an existential phenomenological inquiry concerning man, mind, and the body." Unpublished PhD thesis. University of California.

McCorduck, Pamela (1979). Machines Who Think: A Personal Inquiry into the History and Prospects of Artificial Intelligence. San Francisco: W. H. Freeman.

Miltner, Kate M (2018). "Girls Who Coded: Gender in Twentieth Century U.K. and U.S. Computing." Science, Technology, & Human Values, May 7.

Minsky, Marvin, John McCarthy, Claude E. Shannon, and Nathaniel Rochester (1955). "A Proposal for the Dartmouth Summer Research Project on Artificial Intelligence, Sent to the Rockefeller Foundation." August 31, 1955. Dart564props. Online Papers of Ray Solomonoff.

Mirowski, Philip (2003). "Book Review: McCorduck's Machines Who Think after Twenty-Five Years – Revisiting the Origins of AI." AI Magazine.

Newell, Allen (2000). "Intellectual Issues in the History of Artificial Intelligence." In Artificial Intelligence: Critical Concepts, edited by Ronald Chrisley and Sander Begeer. London ; New York: Routledge.

Nilsson, Nils J. (2010) The Quest for Artificial Intelligence: A History of Ideas and Achievements. Cambridge/New York: Cambridge University Press.

Noble, Safiya Umoja (2018). Algorithms of Oppression: How Search Engines Reinforce Racism. New York: New York University Press.

O'Neil, Cathy (2016). Weapons of Math Destruction: How Big Data Increases Inequality and Threatens Democracy. New York: Crown.

Osborne, Michael A., and Carl Benedikt Frey (2013). "The Future of Employment: How Susceptible Are Jobs to Computerisation?" Oxford Martin School: University of Oxford, September 17.

Penn, Jonnie. "Inventing Intelligence: Varieties of Intelligence in Mid-Twentieth Century AI Research." University of Cambridge, PhD dissertation in progress.

Penn, Jonnie (2019). Review of Programmed Inequality: How Britain Discarded Women Technologists and Lost Its Edge in Computing, by Marie Hicks. H-Sci-Med-Tech, no. H-Net Reviews (February).

Price Waterhouse Coopers (2017). "Sizing the Prize: What's the Real Value of AI for Your Business and How Can You Capitalise?"

Reccia, Gabriel (2020). "The Governance of AI," in AI Narratives: A History of Imaginative Thinking about Intelligent Machines, ed with Stephen Cave and Kanta Dihal (Oxford: Oxford University Press).

Ricaurte, Paola (2019). "Data Epistemologies, The Coloniality of Power, and Resistance." Television & New Media, March 7.

Rosenthal, Caitlin (2018). Accounting for Slavery: Masters and Management. Cambridge, Massachusetts: Harvard University Press.

Schaffer, Simon (1994). From Physics to Anthropology and Back Again. Cambridge: Prickly Pear Press, 1994.

Staley, Richard (2017). "Understanding Climate Change Historically", in Alexander Elliott, James Cullis and Vinita Damodaran, eds. Climate Change and the Humanities: Historical, Philosophical and Interdisciplinary Approaches to the Contemporary Environmental Crisis (Basingstoke: Palgrave, 2017), pp. 43–68.

Staley, Richard (2018). "The Interwar Period as a Machine Age: Mechanics, The Machine, Mechanisms and The Market in Discourse", Science in Context 31:3 (2018), 263–292.

Taylor, Astra (2018). "The Automation Charade." Logic Magazine, August.

Thatcher, Jim, David O'Sullivan, and Dillon Mahmoudi (2016). "Data Colonialism through Accumulation by Dispossession: New Metaphors for Daily Data." Environment and Planning D: Society and Space 34, no. 6 (December): 990–1006.

Weizenbaum, Joseph (1966). "ELIZA – A computer program for the study of natural language communication between man and machine." Computational Linguistics 9(1): 36-45.

Wisskirchen, Gerlind, Blandine Thibault Biacabe, Ulrich Bormann, Annemarie Muntz, Gunda Niehaus, Guillermo Jiménez Soler, and Beatrice von Brauchitsch (2017). "Artificial Intelligence and Robotics and Their Impact on the Workplace." IBA Global Employment Institute, April.

Yale, Elizabeth (2015). "The History of Archives: The State of the Discipline." Book History 18, no. 1: 332–59.

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